Midwestern University Eye Institute Patient Vision Exam Eye Check

What You Need to Know About Macular Degeneration

October 12, 2018

By Michael Kozlowski, O.D., Ph.D.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that causes damage to the macula, the part of the eye needed for sharp, central vision.  AMD is the leading cause of vision loss among people 50 and older.

How can you prevent AMD?

You can reduce your risk of developing AMD by wearing UV-blocking sunglasses, not smoking, losing weight, eating healthy foods, limiting alcohol use, and staying active. Some doctors also believe that eating green, leafy vegetables, or taking vitamins containing lutein and zeaxanthine may help.

If you have AMD, how can you keep it from getting worse?

There are treatments for some stages of AMD. See your eye doctor regularly to find out if you need treatment, and follow your doctor’s instructions for treating your AMD and monitoring your vision.  If you notice any changes in your vision, let your doctor know immediately.


The information contained in this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, care, or treatment. Always consult a qualified healthcare provider for any questions regarding any possible health condition.

Michael R. Kozlowski, O.D., Ph.D., is a Professor at the Midwestern University Arizona College of Optometry and a primary care optometrist at the Midwestern University Eye Institute in Glendale, Arizona. Dr. Kozlowski is also involved in research to find new treatments for AMD.


Related Topics